History of Bali

Bali – Discover and Explore the Island of Gods

Bali is an island and province of Indonesia. The province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. Located between the islands of Java and Lombok island, Bali island is also commonly referred to as The Island Of Thousands Temples and The Island of Gods.

Mountains range from center to the eastern side, with Mount Agung the easternmost peak. Bali’s volcanic nature has contributed to its exceptional fertility and its tall mountain ranges provide the high rainfall that supports the highly productive agriculture sector. South of the mountains is a broad, steadily descending area where most of Bali’s large rice crop is grown. The northern side of the mountains slopes more steeply to the sea and is the main coffee producing area of the island, along with rice, vegetables and cattle.

Mount Agung
Mount Agung

Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone over 500 reef building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about 7 times as many as in the entire Caribbean. Beaches in the south tend to have white sand while those in the north and west have black sand.

Bali is a popular tourist destination, which has seen a significant rise in tourists since the 1980’s. It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music. The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali.

History of Bali

History of Bali
History of Bali

The island of Bali, like most of the islands of the Indonesian archipelago, is the result of the tectonic subduction of the Indo-Australian plate under the Eurasian plate. The tertiary ocean floor, made of ancient marine deposits including accumulation of coral reefs, was lifted above the sea level by the subduction. Layers of Tertiary limestone lifted from the ocean floor are still visible in areas such as the Bukit peninsula with the huge limestone cliffs of Uluwatu, or in the northwest of the island at Prapat Agung.

At the edge of the subduction, Bali is also at the edge of the continental Sunda shelf, just west of the Wallace line, and was at time connected to the neighbouring island of Java, particularly during the lowering of the sea level in the Ice Ages. Its fauna and flora are therefore Asian

Bali was inhabited by around 2000 BC by Austronesian peoples who migrated originally from Taiwan through Maritime Southeast Asia. Culturally and linguistically, the Balinese are thus closely related to the peoples of the Indonesian archipelago, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Oceania.

Stone tools dating from this time have been found near the village of Cekik in the island’s west. In ancient Bali, nine Hindu sects existed, namely Pasupata, Bhairawa, Siwa Shidanta, Waisnawa, Bodha, Brahma, Resi, Sora, and Ganapatya. Each sect revered a specific deity as its personal Godhead.

Culture of Bali

Bali Traditional Cloth
Bali Traditional Cloth

The culture of Bali is unique. People say that the Balinese people have reached self-content. It is not an exaggeration that when a Balinese is asked what heaven is like, he would say, just like Bali, without the worries of mundane life. They want to live in Bali, to be cremated in Bali when they die, and to reincarnate in Bali.

Traditional Painting as one of the Cultures of Bali, faithfully depicting religious and mythological symbolisms, met with Western and modern paintings, giving birth to contemporary paintings, free in its creative topics yet strongly and distinctively Balinese. Its dance, its music, and its pupets theaters , while have been continually enriched by contemporary and external artistry, are still laden with religious connotations, performed mostly to appease and to please the gods and the goddesses. Wood and stone carvings, gold and silver crafts parallel the development of paintings, gracefully evolving with external forces to enhance their characters. The batik of Bali owes its origin to Java, and inspired the development of ikat and double ikat.

Balinese dance is beautiful and unique, and is closely connected to religious rituals. Dances are often performed at ceremonies, typically as part of dramas, and most involve the Balinese version of the Hindu Ramayana epic. Traditional Balinese dance forms are passed on to girls and boys at a very young age, and training is often rigorous and disciplined. Travelers are likely to have the chance to see dances if they attend ceremonies, but can also take advantage of the many performances put on for audiences across this beautiful island.

Kecak dance and Barong dance are some of the most famous dances in this island. The Kecak dance, involves a chorus of seated men who create the backing sounds with their mouths and move and sway their outstretched arms to accompany the drama. And the Barong dance involves a story of possession by demons, mythical creatures, and the struggle between good and evil.

Dances can be seen all over Bali, but are most common in the area around Ubud, where they are put on regularly for travelers, and in Denpasar, where several cultural centers and dance schools are found.

Tourist Attractions in Bali

Bali is a popular tourist in Indonesia. It is one of the most beautiful places in the world. Many tourists visit this beautiful island since 1980s. It is popular for its temples, arts, natures and also marines. Bali is part of the Coral Triangle,, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species. In this area alone over 500 reef building coral species can be found. It’s so wonderful. Below are the most popular tourist attractions in this island of Gods.

Singaraja

Sekumpul Waterfall in Singaraja Bali
Sekumpul Waterfall in Singaraja Bali

It is a port town in northern Bali, Indonesia, which serves as the seat of Buleleng Regency. Singaraja has a black sand beach and is the main town for the Lovina area, famous for its dolphins. Close by are the Yeh Panas (hot springs) and the Air Sanih (a natural freshwater pool).

Seminyak

Seminyak Square Bali
Seminyak Square Bali

The next town north of Legian, Seminyak is more upmarket. The atmosphere is much more laid-back than Kuta, and the beach in particular is quieter during the day. Seminyak is also the spa and boutique shopping capital of Bali.  There are also exciting fires-hows (Nirvana Burger Bar) to be seen, a thrilling walk on the wobbly bridge (Batu Belig Beach) to be had, and our favorite – gypsy caravans to be explored.

Ubud

Rice Paddies in Ubud
Rice Paddies in Ubud Bali

It is a town on the Indonesian island of Bali in Ubud District, located amongst rice paddies and steep ravines in the central foothills of the Gianyar regency. Promoted as an arts and culture centre, it has developed a large tourism industry. The town and area has a number of art museums, such as the Blanco Renaissance Museum, the Puri Lukisan Museum, Neka Art Museum, and the Agung Rai Museum of Art. Close-by is the Museum Rudana in Peliatan. The Ubud Monkey Forest is a animal park located near the southern end of Jalan Monkey Forest.

Best Beaches in the World

Bali has one of the best beaches in the world. Many come to This island maybe for the culture, the arts, the temples, diving, surfing or even the food, but one thing for sure it is also for the beaches. Travelers visit this beautiful island for its long stretches of white sand beach, the crystal clear sea for swimming, strong waves for surfing and volcanic black sands for sunbathing. There are many types of beach in this island, from those with big rocks created by corals or lava to those covered wholly with white or black sand.

Nusa Dua Beach

Sofitel Bali Nusa Dua Beach Resort
Nusa Dua Beach Resort

 

There are a variety of flowers and plants that grows around here. Imagine tall palm trees, wild mangroves, fragrant trees and orchids amidst clear blue ocean and rolling golden sand. Swimming here is great as the currents and waves are low. The water is crystal clear for snorkeling. It is also popular for its luxury hotels and resorts.

Kuta Beach

Nature Kuta Beach Bali
Nature Kuta Beach Bali

The beach is always crowded with locals or tourist, mostly for the vibe and energy that circles around here. At night you can find the Kuta beach parties among the beach clubs that are guaranteed to entertain. Kuta Beach has higher waves and the currents are strong making it a perfect beach for surfers. But of course it means not so much for swimming.

Sanur Beach

Panorama Sanur Beach Bali
Sanur Beach Bali

It stretches several kilometers long with golden sand and small corals. There are many shells here for the avid collectors. The waves here are milder and best for swimming. This beautiful beach is located at the coast of village Sanur, south of Bali.

Temples of Bali

Bali is known as the “Island of A Thousand Temples”. It proved that the cultural treasure and also religion tradition in this island of Gods are still exist without giving up the modern lifestyle. These are the most popular temples in this island.

Tanah Lot Sea Temple

Tanah Lot Temple in Bali
Tanah Lot Temple in Bali

Tanah Lot temple was built and has been a part of Balinese mythology for centuries. The temple is one of seven sea temples around the Balinese coast. Tanah Lot means “Land [sic: in the] Sea” in the Balinese language. At the base of the rocky island, poisonous sea snakes are believed to guard the temple from evil spirits and intruders. A giant snake purportedly protects the temple, which was created from Nirartha’s towel when he established the island.

Uluwatu Temple

Uluwatu Sea Temple Bali Indonesia
Uluwatu Sea Temple

The Uluwatu Temple is regarded as one of the Sea Kahyangan and dedicated to Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa in his manifestation as Rudra. This temple is built in the edge of a 70 m high cliff or rock projecting into the sea.

Monkeys at Uluwatu Temple Bali
Monkeys at Uluwatu Temple

Balinese Cuisine

Balinese cuisine is a cuisine tradition of Balinese people from the volcanic island of Bali. Using a variety of spices, blended with the fresh vegetables, meat and fish. Rice, the primary grain is almost always consumed as a staple accompanied with vegetables, meat and seafood. Pork, chicken, fruit, vegetables and seafood are widely utilized, however just like most of Hindus, beef is never or rarely consumed. These are some of the popular dishes in Bali you should try if you visit this beautiful island.

Betutu

Betutu
Betutu

It is a Balinese dish of steamed or roasted chicken or duck in rich bumbu betutu (betutu spice mix). An even spicier version is available using extra-spicy sauce made from uncooked (raw) onion slices mixed with red chili peppers and coconut oil. It takes at least 24 hours to cook. It is often called according to its main ingredients; ayam betutu is chicken betutu, while bebek betutu is its duck version. It also can be found in the menu of luxury hotels or restaurants in Bali.

Bubur Injun  (black rice pudding)

Bubur Injun
Bubur Injun

It is an Balinese sweet dessert made from black glutinous rice porridge with coconut milk and palm sugar or cane sugar. The black glutinous rice are boiled until soft, and sugar and coconut milk are added. The most basic variant of bubur ketan hitam only consists of black glutinous rice porridge sweetened with palm sugar. While coconut milk, pandan leaves and a pinch of salt might be added to give aroma.

Lawar

Lawar
Lawar

Lawar is a dish created from a mixture of vegetables, coconut and minced meat mixed with rich herbs and spices, originating from Bali, Indonesia. It consists of green beans, beaten eggs, vegetable oil, kaffir lime leaves, coconut milk, palm sugar, fresh grated coconut, and fried shallots, all stir fried in coconut oil. Lawar is served with steamed rice and other meat dish such as babi guling (roasted suckling pork).

Nasi Campur Bali (mixed rice)

Nasi Campur Bali
Nasi Campur Bali

It refers to a dish of a scoop of nasi putih (white rice) accompanied by small portions of a number of other dishes, which includes meats, vegetables, peanuts, eggs and fried-shrimp krupuk. The tastes are often distinctly local, punctuated by basa genep, the typical Balinese spice mix used as the base for many curry and vegetable dishes. It may have grilled tuna, fried tofu, cucumber, spinach, tempe, beef cubes, vegetable curry, corn, chili sauce on the bed of rice. Mixed rice is often sold by street vendors, wrapped in a banana leaf.

Sate Lilit

Sate Lilit
Sate Lilit

It is a satay variant from Balinese cuisine. It is made from minced pork, fish, chicken, beef, or even turtle meat, which is then mixed with grated coconut, thick coconut milk, lemon juice, shallots, and pepper. The spiced minced meat is wound around bamboo, sugar cane or lemongrass sticks, it is then grilled on charcoal.  In Balinese fishing towns, such as the village of Kusamba, which faces the Nusa Penida Strait, sate lilit made from minced fish is favoured.

Urap

Urap
Urap

It is a salad dish of steamed vegetables mixed with seasoned and spiced grated coconut for dressing. The vegetables which are usually used in urap are spinach, water spinach, young cassava leaf, papaya leaf, Chinese longbeans, bean sprouts and cabbage. The shredded coconut is seasoned with ground shallot, garlic, red chilli pepper, tamarind juice, galangal, salt and coconut sugar.

Best Attractions in Bali

Bali Scuba Diving
Scuba Diving
Bali Sea Walker
Sea Walker
Bali Snorkeling
Snorkeling
Pura Tirta Empul in Ubud Bali
Pura Tirta Empul in Ubud
Panorama in Ubud Bali
Panorama in Ubud Bali
Strand Bei Seminyak Bali Foto
Strand Bei Seminyak
Odalan of Tanah Lot Temple Bali
Odalan of Tanah Lot Temple