London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom. It stands on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain. It was founded by the Romans, who named it Londinium. It is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation.
Also referred to as Greater London, is one of nine regions of England and the top-level subdivision covering most of the city’s metropolis. The city is split by the River Thames into North and South, with an informal central London area in its interior. The coordinates of the nominal center of London, traditionally considered to be the original Eleanor Cross at Charing Cross near the junction of Trafalgar Square and Whitehall.
This city has a temperate oceanic climate, similar to all of southern England. Summers are mild, but generally warm. Winters are generally cool, cloudy and damp with little temperature variation. Snowfall occurs occasionally and can cause travel disruption when this happens. Snowfall is more common in outer London. Spring and autumn are mixed seasons and can be pleasant.
Its buildings are too diverse to be characterised by any particular architectural style, partly because of their varying ages. Many grand houses and public buildings, such as the National Gallery, are constructed from Portland stone. The Monument in the city provides views of the surrounding area while commemorating the Great Fire of London, which originated nearby. In the dense areas, most of the concentration is via medium- and high-rise buildings. Its skyscrapers, such as 30 St Mary Axe, Tower 42, the Broadgate Tower and One Canada Square, are mostly in the two financial districts, the City of London and Canary Wharf.
Tourist Attractions in London
London is one of the world’s top tourist destinations, attracting upward of 15 million visitors each and every year. It boasts one of the planet’s greatest concentrations of cultural attractions. From royal palaces to the people’s parliament, from Roman ruins to castles and cathedrals, you could spend endless days exploring London’s sites without ever running out of unique things to see and do.
London Eye is a giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames. The structure is 443 feet (135 m) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 394 feet (120 m). When erected in 1999 it was the world’s tallest Ferris wheel. It adjoins the western end of Jubilee Gardens (previously the site of the former Dome of Discovery), on the South Bank of the River Thames between Westminster Bridge and Hungerford Bridge, in the London Borough of Lambeth.
It is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London. it is the longest river entirely in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom, after the River Severn. The 214 bridges and 17 tunnels that have been built. On the northern bank were the ancient counties of Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Middlesex and Essex. On the southern bank were the counties of Wiltshire, Berkshire, Surrey and Kent.
Tower of London
Officially Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public record office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of England.
Located in the City of Westminster, Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom. Originally known as Buckingham House, the building at the core of today’s palace was a large townhouse built for the Duke of Buckingham in 1703. There are 775 rooms, including 19 state rooms, 52 principal bedrooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, and 78 bathrooms. The palace also has its own post office, cinema, swimming pool, doctor’s surgery, and jewelry’s workshop. At the rear of the palace is the large and park-like garden, which together with its lake is the largest private garden in London.
The bridge crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London and has become an iconic symbol of the city. It is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London built in 1886–1894. The bridge consists of two bridge towers tied together at the upper level by two horizontal walkways, designed to withstand the horizontal tension forces exerted by the suspended sections of the bridge on the landward sides of the towers.
Formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, it is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It is one of the United Kingdom’s most notable religious buildings. During the early 20th century it became increasingly common to bury cremated remains rather than coffins in the abbey.
It is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London. The clock has become a cultural symbol of the United Kingdom, particularly in the visual media. The tower had its 150th anniversary on 31 May 2009, during which celebratory events took place. The tower is one of the most prominent symbols of the United Kingdom and is often in the establishing shot of films set in London.
It is dedicated to human history, art and culture, and is located in the Bloomsbury area of London. Its permanent collection, numbering some 8 million works. This museum was established in 1753, largely based on the collections of the physician and scientist Sir Hans Sloane. At that time, Sloane’s collection consisted of around 71,000 objects of all kinds. These collections include antiquities from Sudan, Egypt, Greece, Rome, the Ancient Near and Far East and the Americas.
Hyde Park is a major park in Central London. The park is divided by the Serpentine and the Long Water. Popular areas within Hyde Park include Speakers’ Corner, close to the former site of the Tyburn gallows, and Rotten Row, which is the northern boundary of the site of the Crystal Palace. There are also a number of assorted statues and memorials around Hyde Park.
Sea Life London Aquarium
It is located on the ground floor of County Hall on the South Bank of the River Thames in central London. The aquarium includes two classrooms themed around the conservation campaigns which the zoo supports. It is involved in several breeding programs including the Cuban crocodile, seahorses, butterfly goodeids, and jellyfish. In May 2011, the aquarium opened a new penguin exhibit, with 10 gentoo penguins transferred from the Edinburgh Zoo.
Borough Market is a wholesale and retail food market in Southwark, Central London, England. In 2014, it celebrated its 1,000th birthday. The present-day market mainly sells speciality foods to the general public. It has been promoted by British television chefs and has been used as a film set. It also appeared in the Savage Garden music video for “Hold Me”.
Also read about England
British Cuisine in London
British cuisine has been described as “unfussy dishes made with quality local ingredients, matched with simple sauces to accentuate flavor, rather than disguise it. British cuisine has traditionally been limited in its international recognition to the full breakfast, fish and chips, and the Christmas dinner. Other British dishes include the Sunday roast, steak and kidney pie, shepherd’s pie, and bangers and mash. These are several of the popular British Dishes you should try in London.
It is a traditional British main meal that is typically served on Sunday (hence the name), consisting of roasted meat, roast potato, and accompaniments such as Yorkshire pudding, stuffing, vegetables and gravy. It can be found easily in London. Typical meats used for a Sunday roast are roast beef, chicken, lamb or pork, although seasonally duck, goose, gammon, turkey. It can be served with a range of boiled, steamed and/or roasted vegetables.
Steak and Kidney Pie
It is a savory pie that is filled principally with a mixture of diced beef, diced kidney (often of beef, lamb, or pork), fried onion, and brown gravy. The gravy typically consists of salted beef broth flavored with Worcestershire sauce and black pepper, and thickened with refined flour, beurre manié, or corn starch. The gravy may also contain ale or stout. Steak and kidney pie is a representative dish of British cuisine.
Fish and Chips
It is a hot dish of English origin consisting of fried battered fish and hot chips. This dish is a common take-away food and an early example of culinary fusion. Traditional frying uses beef dripping or lard; however, vegetable oils, such as peanut oil (used because of its relatively high smoke point) now predominate. In London, it usually sold by independent restaurants and take-away known as fish and chip shops.
It is a meat pie with a crust of mashed potato, not pastry, mixed with vegetables, and topped with potatoes. The meat and vegetable filling may include chopped onion, and may be cooked in gravy, tomato sauce or tomato paste. Some recipes have grated cheese on the mashed potatoes, which in Britain would approach the Cumberland pie variant.